# Difference between revisions of "Bonnet-Myers theorem"

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This article describes a result related to the Ricci curvature of a Riemannian manifold

This result relates information on curvature to information on topology of a manifold

This article makes a prediction about the universal cover of a manifold based on given data at the level of a:topological manifold

This result is valid in all dimensions

## Statement

Here are some equivalent forms:

• Any simply connected Riemannian manifold whose Ricci curvature everywhere is bounded below by a positive constant, must be compact
• Any Riemannian manifold whose Ricci curvature everywhere is bounded below by a positive constant, must be compact
• If a Riemannian manifold has the property that there exists a positive constant that lower-bounds the

Ricci curvature for all tangent lines at all points, then the manifold is compact with finite fundamental group. This is equivalent to saying that the universal cover of the manifold is compact.

The reason why all these formulations are equivalent is that given any Riemannian manifold, we can consider its universal cover and give the universal cover the pullback metric. In that case, the range of values taken by the Ricci curvature is same for both manifolds.

## Relation with other results

### Cartan-Hadamard theorem

Further information: Cartan-Hadamard theorem The Cartan-Hadamard theorem talks of the analogous statement when the manifold has negative sectional curvature throughout. It says that under that assumption, the universal cover is diffeomorphic to real Euclidean space.

Together, the Cartan-Hadamard theorem and Bonnet-Myers theorem tell us that a manifold which has positive curvature bounded from below, cannot be diffeomorphic to a manifold which has negative sectional curvature throughout.