# Submanifold (differential sense)

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## Definition

Let be a differential manifold. A **submanifold** of can be viewed as the following data: An abstract differential manifold along with a smooth map from to such that:

- The map is an immersion; in other words, the induced map on the tangent space at any point is injective
- The map is injective i.e.
- The map is a homeomorphism to its image

Note that when is compact, the third condition is redundant, because any injective map from a compact space to a Hausdorff space is an embedding.

To complete the definition, we need to observe that a submanifold is completely determined, upto diffeomorphism, by its set-theoretic image in the manifold. In other words, if and are submanifolds with the same set-theoretic image, then there is a diffeomorphism such that .